The Communist Study Groups in France’s African colonies

Nathan Macé 21 May 2024 Intro­duc­tion The end of the Second World War inau­gu­ra­ted a new era of the 20th century: the old Euro­pean colo­nial powers had been greatly weak­ened, a new socia­list world system had emer­ged across Asia and Eastern Europe, and the natio­nal libe­ra­tion move­ments in Africa and Asia were invi­go­ra­ted with a new … Read more

East German weapons in the fight against fascist Portugal

How the DDR came to provide mili­tary support for the Mozam­bican libe­ra­tion struggle Mascha Neumann 25 April 2024 Today, the German Demo­cra­tic Repu­blic (GDR) is remem­be­red by many progres­sive forces around the world as a pioneer in support for the natio­nal libe­ra­tion move­ments of the 20th century. The GDR’s anti-impe­ria­­list soli­da­rity ranged from educa­tion program­mes, medi­cal … Read more

Chile and Germany: Between Solidarity and Dependence

Over 50 years ago, Chile broke free from impe­ria­list domi­nance and plun­der. Germany too has a long history of exploi­ting Chile, but this tradi­tion was broken by the GDR’s exten­sive support for the sove­reig­nty of the Chilean people. The 1973 coup against Allende made these two oppo­sing histo­ri­cal tenden­cies clear.

“L’option socialiste”: Mali’s non-capitalist development and the international communist movement

From 1960 to 1968, the Repu­blic of Mali was at the fore­front of social revo­lu­tion in Africa. The country’s gover­ning party, the Union Souda­naise, had refu­sed to settle for formal poli­ti­cal sove­reig­nty and declared in 1960 that the repu­blic would opt for “l’op­tion socia­liste” to secure econo­mic inde­pen­dence from impe­ria­lism and social libe­ra­tion for the Malian people. This brief episode of revo­lu­tio­nary uphe­aval in Mali offers insights into seve­ral central aspects of anti-impe­ria­lism in the 20th century.