Chile and Germany: Between Solidarity and Dependence

Over 50 years ago, Chile broke free from impe­ria­list domi­nance and plun­der. Germany too has a long history of exploi­ting Chile, but this tradi­tion was broken by the GDR’s exten­sive support for the sove­reig­nty of the Chilean people. The 1973 coup against Allende made these two oppo­sing histo­ri­cal tenden­cies clear.

“L’option socialiste”: Mali’s non-capitalist development and the international communist movement

From 1960 to 1968, the Repu­blic of Mali was at the fore­front of social revo­lu­tion in Africa. The country’s gover­ning party, the Union Souda­naise, had refu­sed to settle for formal poli­ti­cal sove­reig­nty and declared in 1960 that the repu­blic would opt for “l’op­tion socia­liste” to secure econo­mic inde­pen­dence from impe­ria­lism and social libe­ra­tion for the Malian people. This brief episode of revo­lu­tio­nary uphe­aval in Mali offers insights into seve­ral central aspects of anti-impe­ria­lism in the 20th century.